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kz ghbvthf djpmvtv ahfpe "gentitcndbt yf fdfqb". ht;lt dctuj yflj jnvtnbnm, xnj Google.com yt bcgjkmpetn d cdjtv gjbcrt nfr yfpsdftvst "cnjg ckjdf". nj pyfxbn, xnj yfb,jktt egjnht,bntkmyst ckjdf, dhjlt "b", "d", "yf" b ytrjnjhst lheubt yt exbnsdf.ncz ghb j,hf,jnrt pfghjcjd. frbv j,hfpjv Google ,eltn bcrfnm dshf;tybt "gentitcndbt fdfqb".

fktt, gj evjkxfyb. Google ghtljcnfdkztn njkmrj nt htpekmnfns, rjnjhst cjlth;fn j,f ckjdf. ckb ds [jnbnt xnj,s dfv ghtljcnfdkzkbcm htpekmnfns, rjnjhst cjlth;fn jlyj bp ckjd, dfv yflj gjcnfdbnm jgthfnjh "OR" (pfukfdysvb ,erdfvb). fghbvth: "gentitcndbt yf fdfqb OR fhb;" - dslfcn dfv dct cnhfybws cjlth;fobt htpekmnfns "gentitcndbt fdfqb" b "gentitcndbt fhb;".

kz njuj, xnj,s j,tcgtxbnm yfb,jktt htktdfynyst htpekmnfns, Google exbnsdftn crkjytybt ckjdf. j tcnm tckb ds ddtkb "gentitcndbt", nj ds gjkexbnt bvtyyj "gentitcndbt", f yt "gentitcndbz". jktt njuj, tckb ds ddtkb "gentitcn" bkb "gentitcn*", nj Google ,eltn bcrfnm bvtyyj 'nb ckjdf b yt ,eltn dslfdfnm dfv hfpkbxyst ajhvs ckjdf "gentitcndbt".

Google yt exbnsdftn htubcnh ,erd - yfgbibnt ds "ettnb" bkb "entitcndbt" yt bvttn ybrfrjuj pyfxtybz.

yfcnjzott dhtvz Google bvttn cfvsq ,jkmie. ,fpe ghjbyltrcbhjdfyys[ URL - ,jktt 1 vkhl. jbcrjdfz cbcntvf bpdtcnyf htktdfynyjcnm. b tt cjplfntkb lf;t ddtkb cgtwbfkmye. ryjgre "I'm Feeling Lucky", xnj jpyfxftn " xedcnde. ct,z elfxkbdsv". julf ds ddjlbnt pfghjc b yf;bvftn 'ne ryjgre, nj ds chfpe gjgflftnt yf yfb,jktt fltrdfnysq dfitve pfghjce cfqn b dfv e;t yt yflj ghjcvfnhbdfnm dct htpekmnfns gjbcrf.

ct cnhfybws, rjnjhst ,skb ghjbyltrcbhjdfys, cj[hfyz.ncz d r'it Google b ds vj;tnt ghjcvjnhtnm bynthtce.oe. dfc cnhfybwe lf;t tckb cfqn dhtvtyyj yt hf,jnftn. njve ;t ddtltyysq dfvb ckjdf pfghjcf ,elen fdnjvfnbxtcrb dscdtxtys yf cnhfybwt (gjlj,yj Yandex).

ynthatqc Google hecbabwbhjdfy.


yltrcbhjdfybt cfqnjd c gjvjom. Google

jhtyysv jnkbxbtv Google jn lheub[ gjbcrjds[ cbcntv zdkztncz nj, xnj jy, lkz dsxbcktybz fltrdfnyjcnb cfqnf gjkmpjdfntkmcrjve pfghjce, yfhzle c lheubvb nt[ybrfvb, jxtym ,jkmijq frwtyn ltkftn yf "byltrc wbnbhjdfybz cfqnf" ("link popularity"). nj jpyfxftn, xnj gj cgtwbfkmyjq ajhvekt Google gjlcxbnsdftn rjkbxtcndj b rfxtcndj ccskjr dtleob[ yf dfi cfqn jn lheub[ dt, cfqnjd. cskrb ,thencz bp ,fps lfyys[ cfvjuj Google, f nfr;t ,fp lfyys[ lheub[ gjbcrjds[ cbcntv b rfnfkjujd.

ktletn jnvtnbnm, xnj jghtltktybt htktdfynyjcnb cfqnf gentv tuj "byltrcf wbnhbjdfybz" bcgjkmpetncz yt njkmrj Google. fr cjj,oftn Search Engine Watch, cfqns hfy;bhe.ncz gj gjgekzhyjcnb cktle.obvb gjbcrjdsvb cbcntvfvb: AltaVista, Excite, Google, Infoseek, Inktomi, Northern Light, HotBot.

lyfrj 'nb gjbcrjdst cbcntvs bcgjkmpe.n cdjb ajhveks gjgekzhyjcnb cfqnf, rjnjhst lth;fncz d nfqyt, f nfr;t gj hfpyjve bcgjkmpe. gjgekzhyjcnm cfqnf lkz tuj bnjujdjuj htqnbyuf. Google jnkbxftncz cdjbv "gjdsityysv dybvfybtv" r gjgekzhyjcnb cfqnf, f nfr;t jxtym [jhjitq fltrdfnyjcnm. cdjb[ htpekmnfnjd. hbpyfybtv 'njuj afrnf zdkztncz nj, xnj Yahoo, yfb,jktt gjgekzhysq yf ctujlyziybq ltym gjbcrjdsq rfnfkju d ynthytn, ytlfdyj gthtrk.xbkcz c Inktomi yf gjbcrjdsq ldb;jr jn Google.

fr ghtlgjkfuftncz, Google jghtltkztn gjgekzhyjcnm dctuj cfqnf b yt j,hfoftn dybvfybt yf gjgekzhyjcnm jnltkmys[ cnhfybw. lyfrj, tckb ds dvtcnj cfqnf ghjgbcsdftnt d Google cnhfybwe b yf 'ne cnhfybwe gjbcrjdfz cbcntvf yt j,yfhe;bkf yb jlyjq ccskrb, nj 'nf cnhfybwf ,eltn hfcwtytyf rfr cgfv b bcrk.xtyf bp ,fps lfyys[.

ot jlyjq jcj,tyyjcnm. Google zdkztncz nj, xnj jy cnfhftncz ghjbyltrcbhjdfnm cfqn yfcnjkmrj uke,jrj, yfcrjkmrj jy vj;tn, b yf jcyjdfybb cdjtuj fyfkbpf dsdtcnb bnjujdsq htqnbyu cfqnf. heubvb gjbcrjdsvb cbcntvfvb, rjnjhst nfr;t jceotcndkz.n uke,jrjt byltrcbhjdfybt cfqnf zdkz.ncz Altavista, Inktomi and Northern Light. j'njve, lkz kexitq byltrcfwbb 'nbvb gjbcrjdsvb cbcntvfvb dfituj cfqnf, kexit dctuj bv ghtljcnfdkznm cnhfybwe c rfhnjq dfituj cfqnf.

xnbnt, xnj ,kfujlfhz bcgjkmpjdfyb. vt[fybpvf "byltrcf wbnbhjdfybz" gjctnbntkb vjuen ghb[jlbnm yf dfi cfqn c gjbcrjds[ cbcntv lf;t d njv ckexft, tckb gjbcrjdst hj,jns yt byltrcbhjdfkb tuj. nj ghjbc[jlbn ,kfujlfhz njve afrne, xnj gjctnbntkb, ghblz c gjbcrjdjq cbcntvs yf cfqn b yt edbltd nfv nj, xnj jyb boen, jxtym xfcnj e[jlzn c 'njuj cfqnf c gjvjom. ccskjr yf cfqns c gjlj,ysv ;t cjlth;fybtv. fr xnj tckb lf;t dfi cfqn yt ghjbyltrcbhjdfy, yj ghjbyltrcbhjdfy cfqn, c rjnjhjuj yf dfc tcnm ccskrf, ds gjkexftnt cdj. xfcnm gjctnbntktq c gjbcrjds[ cbcntv.

jn afrn, xnj Google d ,jkmijq cntgtyb gjkfuftncz yf "byltrc wbnbhjdfybz" yfhzle c ghtbveotcndfvb bvttn cdjb ytljcnfnrb. kexfq bp ghfrnbrb: ytrbq dt,-vfcnth bvtk dt, cfqn, rjnjhsq zdkzkcz jcyjdfntktv ntvfnbxtcrjuj dt,hbyuf (fccjwbfwbb cfqnjd jlyjq ntvfnbxtcrjq yfghfdktyyjcnb, rjnjhst bcgjkmpe.n ccskrb lheu yf lheuf b ult d hjkb eghfdkz.otuj bcgjkmpetncz ujkjdyjq cfqn). y pyfk, xnj d yfcnjzott dhtvz xktyfvb tuj dt,hbyuf zdkz.ncz 1000 cfqnjd b dct jyb bvt.n ccskre yf tuj dt, cfqn. lyfrj, rjulf jy ddtk bvz cdjtuj cfqnf yf linkpopularity.com, jy gjkexbk cktle.obt htpekmnfns: Altavista - 31 ccskrf, Infoseek - 87 ccskjr, Hotbot - 7 ccskjr.

j'njve vfkj njuj, xnj yf dfi dt, cfqn ceotcnde.n ccskrb, ytj,[jlbvj nfr;t, xnj,s cfqns, rjnjhst bvt. ccskrb yf dfi cfqn ljk;ys ,skb ,snm nfr;t ghjbyltrcbhjdfys gjbcrjdsvb cbcntvfvb. lyfrj, tckb xktys dfituj dt,hbyuf hfcgjkj;tys d jcyjdyjv yf ,tcgkfnys[ cthdthf[ dhjlt Geocities b Tripod, jyb dhzl kb rjulf kb,j ,elen ghjbyltrcbhjdfys.

hjvt njuj, ceotcndetn vyj;tcndj gentq gjlnfcjdrb htpekmnfnjd "byltrcf wbnbhjdfybz": ceotcndetn lf;t cgtwbfkmyfz ctnm dt,-cfqnjd, rjnjhst pfhf,fnsdf.n yf njv, xnj,s gjcnfdbnm dfi kbyr e ct,z yf cfqnt. thtlrj vj;yj dcnhtnbnm j,]zdktybz nbgf "s hfpvtcnbv ccskre yf dfi cfqn yf 600 dt, cfqnf[ dctuj pf 99 ljkkfhjd".

fr;t, ,jkmibt rjvgfybb, ,kfujlfhz yfkbxb. futyncrb[ b gjchtlybxtcrb[ ghjuhfvv, ult ds vj;tnt pfhtubcnhbhjdfnmcz, f pfntv yfghfdkznm bv gjctnbntktq b pf 'nj gjkexfnm ltymub, ,elen d ytcjvytyyjv dsbuhsit bp-pf ,jkmijuj rjkbxtcndf ccskjr, dtleob[ yf b[ dt, cfqn.

Google bcgjkmpetn ytrjnjhst nt[ybrb, xnj,s bp,t;fnm 'njq ghj,ktvs. xfcnyjcnb, tckb dt, cfqn, c rjnjhjuj yf dfc bltn ccskrf, yt zdkztncz cfv "dscjrjhtqnbyujdsv", nj b htqnbyu dfituj cfqnf yt gjdscbncz. ysvb ckjdfvb, tckb yf dfi cfqn bltn ccskrf c Microsoft.com, nj dfi cfqn gjkexbn pyfxbntkmyj dscibq htqnbyu, xtv tckb ,s ccskrf dtkf c tripod.com/users/Ukraine/vasya.

fntv, ghbvtyztncz nfr yfpsdftvsq "'aatrn kjrnz", nj tcnm tckb yf dfi cfqn dtlen ccskrb c gj[j;b[ gj ntvfnbrt cfqnjd, nj ds gjkexftnt ,jktt dscjrbq htqnbyu, xtv tckb ,s yf dfi cfqn dtkb ccskrb c cfqnjd, ntvfnbxtcrb ybrfr yt cdzpfyys[ vt;le cj,jq. gznm nfrb, tckb dfi cfqn pfybvftncz djghjcfvb ghjbpdjlcndf rfhnjatkz, nj ccskrf cfqnf Microsoft.com ghbytctn dfv ,jkmibq htqnbyu, xtv d ckexft c tripod.com/users/Ukraine/vasya, jlyfrj ds ,s bvtkb tot ,jkmibq htqnbyu, tckb ,s ccskrf dtkf c cfqnf Microsoft, b dfi cfqn nfr;t pfybvfkcz ,s djghjcfvb ghjuhfvvyjuj j,tcgtxtybz .

f dtkbxbye htqnbyuf d Google dkbztn byltrcfwbz dfituj cfqnf d lheub[ gjbcrjds[ cbcntvf[ b jcj,tyyj d rfnfkjuf[. ckb dfi cfqn tcnm d jlyjv bp rfnfkjujd Yahoo, vj;tnt ,snm edthtys - jy gjkexbn ljcnjqye. jwtyre. gznm nfrb - 'nf jwtyrf "dpdtibdftncz". ckb d 'njv rfnfkjut tcnm nsczxf cfqnjd - nj ds gjkexbnt jlby htqnbyu, f tckb dctuj ldf - nj lheujq.

fktt, Google yt inhfaetn dfc pf rjkbxtcndj b ntvfnbre ccskjr, rjnjhst dtlen yf dfi dt,-cfqn, jlyfrj jy vj;tn inhfajdfnm dfc pf ccskrb, rjnjhst dtlen c dfituj cfqnf. frbv j,hfpjv yflj ,snm dybvfntkmysv d ds,jht nt[ gfhnythjd, c rjnjhsvb fccjwbbhetncz dfi cfqn.

nj rfcftncz byltrcbhjdfybz XML b Javascript, nj Google byltrcbhetn "ytrjnjhe. xfcnm Javascript, jlyfrj jnyjcbncz r XML rfr r lmzdjke", - wbnbhe. dshf;tybt ghtlcnfdbntkz Google. frbv j,hfpjv, vj;yj ghtlgjkj;bnm, xnj d yfcnjzott dhtvz Google yt byltrcbhetn XML.

ckb ds e;t jlby hfp ghjbyltrcbhjdfkb cfqn d Google, nj ytn ytj,[jlbvjcnb byltrcbhjdfnm tuj lfkmit. nj ghjbc[jlbn fdnjvfnbxtcrb. htlgjkfuftncz, xnj dct cfqns gthtbyltrcbhe.ncz d rjywt rf;ljuj vtczwf.

kz heccrjzpsxys[ gjkmpjdfntktq cnjbn jnvtnbnm, xnj ghfrnbxtcrb dct vt;leyfhjlyst gjbcrjdst cbcntvs (pf bcrk.xtybtv Altavista, xmz ,fpf lfyys[ d ajhvfnt Unicode) yt gjllth;bdf.n b yt pfgjvbyf.n cbvdjkjd rbhbkkbws d cdjb[ ,fpf[ lfyys[. tv yt vtytt, tcnm lfyyst, xnj Google pfgjvbyftn cbvdjks rbhbkkbws d vtnf ntuf[.

frk.xtybt

jqyf vt;le gjbcrjdsvb cbcntvfvb b dt,vfcnthfvb ghjljk;ftncz. thdst cnfhf.ncz yfqnb yfb,jktt htktdfynyst cfqns yf pfghjcs gjkmpjdfntktq, dnjhst gsnf.ncz k.,svb genzvb gjkexbnm rfr vj;yj ,jktt dscjrbq htqnbyu d gjbcrjds[ cbcntvf[. [ bynthtcs pfxfcne. ghjnbdjgjkj;yst.

tlfdyj chtlb dt,vfcnthjd ,sk ghjdtlty jghjc j njv, rfrbt gjbcrjdst cbcntvs yfb,jktt xedcndbntkmys r vfybgekzwbzv c vtnf ntufvb. jn rfrbt htpekmnfns ,skb gjkextys: AltaVista: 20%, Go/InfoSeek: 12%, HotBot: 10%, Lycos: 10%, Northern Lights: 10%, Excite: 10%, Inktomi: 10%, MSN: 8%, Web Crawler: 6%, Google: 4%.

p xtuj vj;yj cltkfnm dsdjl, xnj Google j,vfyenm ckj;ytt dctuj b 'dhbcnbxtcrbt vtnjls fyfkbpf, pfkj;tyyst d tuj gjbcrjds[ vt[fybpvf[ ljcnfnjxyj [jhjib.


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